A GOVERNMENT AGAINST THE ENVIRONMENT
The Bolsonaro administration proves that it is an enemy of the environment on a daily basis. The increase in deforestation and forest fires, the release of pesticides at a frightening rate, and the slowness and inaction to counteract oil spill in the Northeast did not happen by accident. They are the result of environmental dismantling and the administration's policy of destruction. Check out the "collection" of environmental atrocities that the Bolsonaro administration promoted in his first year
Ricardo Salles, the new Environment Minister, became known for writing articles and lying on his resume: he made up that he graduated from Yale University and that he understands the environment. It’s a lie. In fact, he is an agribusiness lawyer. Two weeks before assuming the ministry, he was convicted by the São Paulo court, accused of ENVIRONMENTAL FRAUD.
Salles Didn’t EvenTry to Hide it
During the transition, former Minister of the Environment, Edson Duarte, prepared a dossier with everything the ministry was doing and looking to the future. Salles declined to receive the document. Nor, tried to hide it: he was not interested in environmental policies. He had other priorities: one of the first acts of the ministry was to pardon the fine for Bolsonaro’s environmental crime of illegally fishing in a protected area.
The Attack Begins
Salles goes to war with everyone who protects the environment. He fires almost all of the environmental agencies’ leaders and left the majority of the positions empty. The administrators of environmental reserves and national parks are fired and replaced by inactive military police. Investment in environmental programs plummet.
Defending illegal loggers
As provided by law, equipment involved in illegal activities and seized in the middle of the forest can be burned so as not to be recovered by criminals. Bolsonaro made a speech on social networks advocating that this equipment should no longer be destroyed, publicly criticizing Ibama.
“The dismantling of all thatwas built”
At an unprecedented meeting, former environment ministers of all governments since the end of Military Dictatorship denounced the “dismantling of socio-environmental governance” promoted by the Bolsonaro administration and accused Salles of trying to destroy the Ministry of Environment and erode its ability to protect the forest.
More poison on our plate
With the approval of 42 more poisons in one stroke of the pen, we have reached 239 new registered pesticides since the beginning of 2019. 43% are highly or extremely toxic, 31% are forbidden in the European Union and most of them are nothing new or more “modern.”
Biting the handthat feeds him
The Bolsonaro administration began an absurd controversy with Germany and Norway, the main donors of the Amazon Fund, which finances projects for forest preservation and generating sustainable business. To the surprise of both donors, Bolsonaro suggested that the money be spent on compensating land-grabbers who steal public land. The result: transfers were suspended.
And crime feelsit has government support
When IBAMA’s inspection teams arrived at the Zoró Indigenous Land in Rondônia, Brazil to prevent a criminal action by loggers, the law enforcement officials were greeted with violence. A federal agency tank truck was set on fire, and the operation had to be stopped. Loggers feel they have government support and can now refuse to obey the law.
And theforest falls
No surprise: After half a year of reductions in monitoring, inspection, and prevention efforts, deforestation explodes. The number of deforestation alert in July was 278% higher than in the same month of 2018. Considering the annual measurement period, the allerts increase was of almost 50%.
Scienceis the enemy
Dissatisfied with the international repercussion of the increase in deforestation, Bolsonaro decided to place the blame on Brazil’s National Institute of Space Research (INPE), the scientific institute responsible for satellite monitoring. To “fix the problem” he fired its director, the renowned physicist Ricardo Galvão, in an act of obvious political interference in technical work.
But it’s theNGOs’ faults
In a frantic attempt to escape his responsibility, but with great conviction, Bolsonaro began to say that it was the NGOs that set the forest on fire, just to make him look bad. In the days that followed, it became clear that several of the fires were criminal. Many were even caused by deforestation culprits that got organized via WhatsApp on networks that support Bolsonaro.
After brutally cutting the environmental budget, Bolsonaro complained that he could not take care of the Amazon due to lack of money. Additionally, when faced with an offer of financial aid from the G7, the president threw a temper tantrum and imposed absurd conditions to accept the money.
More infractions,less punishment
The increase in deforestation has been huge in the last year. However, from January to August 2019, there was a 28% reduction in the number of notices of environmental violations across the country as compared to the same period in 2018. There was a 40% reduction in crimes specifically against flora in the Legal Amazon region.
Timberland, Vans, and H&M are some of the first companies that decided to suspend Brazilian-leather purchases in protest against the destruction of the Amazon. Several others investigated similar measures. The Bolsonaro administration's environmental abuse began to hurt the Brazilian economy.
All talkno action
From January to September, the government only applied 7.5% of the reduced resource for policies to combat deforestation and associated crimes, such as land grabbing and violence against communities. Without inspections, organized crime acts freely. With this connivance, mafias that profit from forest destruction are endangering the forest and its people.
Whales and corals under threat
Neither technical notes, nor civil society mobilization, nor the fact that the oil has already spread throughout the 9 Northeast states helped. The government proceeded to offer oil blocks in the Abrolhos region. Fortunately, no company has acquired the blocks, but the National Petroleum Agency has already said it will offer them again in the future.
A Provisional Presidential Decree (MP) creates the Salles fund. With it, the Minister would have the power to negotiate discounts for nothing less than 39 billion BRL of environmental fines, also defining where to apply the raised funds. All that without transparency or clear criteria of effectiveness and outcome. It is worth remembering that Salles is the same man convicted by the São Paulo State Appellate Court for administrative misconduct.
See you in theSupreme court
Ricardo Salles did his best to contain the government’s environmental crisis: he lied and tried to place the blame on others. After calling the NGO an “ecoterrorist,” he hinted that Greenpeace would be responsible for the oil spill. In response, Greenpeace files a lawsuit at the Federal Supreme Court (STF) against Ricardo Salles for defamation.
sugarcane in the amazonand pantanal
Bolsonaro repeals a decree that established sugarcane agroecological zoning and prevented the expansion of cultivation in the Amazon and Pantanal. Zoning, which was even defended by the sugar and ethanol sector, was one of the main factors that made Brazilian ethanol a differential for exports, precisely because it protected the biomes from deforestation.
With more than 500 oil-affected locations in the northeast, the government held a new oil auction. It was a failure for the government, but even greater for the climate. The government sold less than it wanted. However, only the oil that Petrobras bought represents more than the world can burn to meet the Paris Agreement commitments.
Soy in the Amazon
With support from Agriculture Minister, Tereza Cristina, and the President himself, the Soybean Producers Association (Aprosoja) pushes for the end of Soy Moratorium, a pact signed in 2006 by government, traders and NGO that soy produced in deforestated areas in the Amazon wouldn't have market
AND IN THE END, INPE WAS RIGHT, WASN'T IT?
According to INPE data, there was 9,762 km² of Amazon deforestation in 2019. It is the highest rate since 2008. It is also the biggest leap from one year to another in the last 22 years. In turn, the Ministry of Environment’s technical staff is almost 20% smaller than in 2018.
and there's more
The count for the Amazon deforestation that will be announced in 2020 has already begun. August, September, and October (enter next year's count) are already up 100% compared to the same period last year. It is the government working restlessly to destroy the forest.
Nothing happens where it is least expected.
Without targets, a budget, and deadlines, the Ministry of Environment announces an empty plan to combat deforestation, which has risen 100% between August and October 2019, compared to 2018. For Bolsonaro, deforestation is cultural, and the solution is to regulate the land by self-declaration. In other words, give land to the land grabber.
on crime's Side
IBAMA, the environmental protection and inspection body, gives a big gift to those who make a living on illegal timber. From now on, a sawmill can only be fined for buying fraudulent timber if it is proven that it knew that the timber was indeed illegal. What was already bad will get even worse.
Only one week after justice ordered a breach of his banking secrecy in an investigation for illicit enrichment, Ricardo Salles' silence and inaction in respond to the oil spill led deputies to file an impeachment request against the minister for a crime of responsibility.
Now that you understand the size of the problem, what can you do? Inform yourself, sign the petition, and put pressure against the environmental destruction caused by the government. visit: